The 2011 Nobel Prize in literature has been awarded to the Swedish poet Tomas Transtromer, best known for his work about nature and the human mind.The Swedish Academy said the 80-year-old received the prestigious $1.5 million award because of "his condensed, translucent images - he gives us a fresh access to reality."Transtromer suffered a stroke in 1990, which left him half paralyzed and unable to speak, although he still continued to write.
On April 15, 1931, Tomas Tranströmer was born in Stockholm, Sweden.
He attended the University of Stockholm,
where he studied psychology and poetry.
One of Sweden's most important poets, Tranströmer has sold thousands
of volumes in his native country, and his work has been translated into
more than fifty languages. His books of poetry in English include
The Sorrow Gondola (Green Integer, 2010);
New Collected Poems (Bloodaxe Books, 2011);
The Great Enigma: New Collected Poems (New Directions, 2003);
The Half-Finished Heaven (2001); New Collected Poems (1997);
For the Living and the Dead (1995); Baltics (1974);
Paths (1973); Windows and Stones (1972),
an International Poetry Forum Selection and a runner-up for the
National Book Award for translation; The Half-Finished Sky (1962);
and Seventeen Poems (1954).His work has been translated into more than 50 languages.Transtromer is the eighth European in the last 10 years to with the literary award, which is given only to living writers.He beat out other top contenders for the prize, including Japanese novelist Haruki Murakami, Syria's Adonis, and American songwriter Bob Dylan.