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Tuesday, October 21, 2014

The Nobel Peace Prize 2014

The Nobel Peace Prize 2014 was awarded jointly to Kailash Satyarthi and Malala Yousafzai "for their struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education" 

Kailash Satyarthi 

He is an Indian child right activist and a global frontrunner against child labour. He founded the Bachpan Bachao Andolan in 1980 and has acted to protect the rights of more than 83,000 children from 144 countries.

  • Born-11 January 1954 (age 60)
  • Vidisha, Madhya Pradesh, India
  • Nationality-Indian
  • Education-Electrical engineering
  • Alma mater-Samrat Ashok Technological Institute, Vidisha
  • Occupation-Activist
  • Known for-Activism for children's rights and children's education
  • Religion-Hinduism[5]
  • Awards -The Aachener International Peace Prize, Germany (1994)
  • Robert F. Kennedy Human Rights Award (1995)
  • Alfonso Comin International Award (2008)
  • Medal of the Italian Senate (2007)
  • Defenders of Democracy Award (2009)
  • Nobel Peace Prize (2014)

 It is largely because of Satyarthi's work and activism that the International Labour Organization adopted Convention No. 182 on the worst forms of child labour, which is now a principal guideline for governments around the world.

Malala Yousafzai 

She is a Pakistani activist for female education and the youngest-ever Nobel Prize recipient.

  • Born-12 July 1997 (age 17)
  • Mingora, North-West Frontier Province, Pakistan
  • Residence-Birmingham, England
  • Nationality-Pakistani
  • Occupation-Blogger and activist for rights to education and for women
  • Known for-Female education activism
  • Religion-Islam
  • Relatives-Toorpekai Yousafzai (mother), Ziauddin Yousafzai (father)
  • Awards
  • Nobel Peace Prize
  • Sakharov Prize
  • Simone de Beauvoir Prize
  • Honorary Canadian citizenship
  • National Youth Peace Prize

She is known mainly for human rights advocacy for education and for women in her native Swat Valley in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of northwest Pakistan, where the local Taliban had at times banned girls from attending school. Yousafzai's advocacy has since grown into an international movement.

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